Federal Employment Laws

There are a lot of federal laws overseeing businesses, so make sure you know which apply to you.

There are several different federal employment laws that have their own rules for covered employers. With that, it is important employers are aware of the federal employment laws that may apply to their company.

An employer’s size, or number of employees, is a key factor in determining which federal employment laws the employer must comply with. Some federal laws, such as the Equal Pay Act (EPA), apply to all employers, regardless of size. However, other laws, such as the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), only apply to employers that reach a certain employee count. Also, some federal laws, such as COBRA, include exclusions for certain types of employers (for example, churches).

This Insurance Corner overview provides a high-level look at key federal employment laws and explains which employers they apply to. Most states also have their own labor and employment laws, so please do your homework and verify which of those laws govern your company.

Please note that just as this summary does not address state labor laws, it also does not address additional compliance requirements for companies that contract with the federal government or businesses in specific industries.

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